Special series on uterine sarcomas
Editorial

Special series on uterine sarcomas

This special series focuses on uterine sarcomas, a group of rare and heterogeneous in diagnosis and prognosis.

Due to the rarity of the disease, sarcomas are often overlooked in research compared to other gynecological cancers which are also rare such as the ovary for example.

Some of the gynecological sarcomas have a high lethality regardless of the stage at diagnosis such as leiomyosarcomas for example. Unfortunately, it is difficult to have a sure preoperative diagnosis of sarcomas and to differentiate it from their benign counterpart (fibroids) as they often do not have typical features like ovarian cysts. In 2014, the FDA warned the gynecologist to avoid morcellation of uterine fibroids as neoplastic dissemination in the abdomen could lead to sarcomatosis and because 2.8 per 1,000 cases are estimated to be sarcomas.

As there is little scientific evidence, it is necessary to publish research articles on this topic in order to incentivize research.

With this series of articles, we would like to provide a multidisciplinary view of the most innovative currently available diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for uterine sarcomas.

There are many open questions:

  • The problem of preoperative diagnosis. Ultrasound and radiological imaging Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computerized Tomography (CT), Positron Emission Tomography (PET) have low sensitivity and specificity.
  • The feasibility of conservative fertility treatment in women of reproductive age.
  • The search for new biomarkers and potential targets for therapeutic agents.
  • The need to report gynecological sarcomas in tertiary hospitals, where the surgeon has the experience to avoid the surgical fragmentation of the sarcoma and there are expert pathologists and molecular biologists.
  • The choice of which chemotherapy regimen to adopt.

Acknowledgments

Funding: None.


Footnote

Provenance and Peer Review: This article was commissioned by the editorial office, Gynecology and Pelvic Medicine for the series “Uterine Sarcomas”. The article did not undergo external peer review.

Conflicts of Interest: Both authors have completed the ICMJE uniform disclosure form (available at https://gpm.amegroups.com/article/view/10.21037/gpm-21-58/coif). The series “Uterine Sarcomas” was commissioned by the editorial office without any funding or sponsorship. AMP served as the unpaid Guest Editor of the series and serves as an unpaid editorial board member of Gynecology and Pelvic Medicine from August 2020 to July 2022. PDI served as the unpaid Guest Editor of the series. The authors have no other conflicts of interest to declare.

Ethical Statement: The authors are accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Open Access Statement: This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits the non-commercial replication and distribution of the article with the strict proviso that no changes or edits are made and the original work is properly cited (including links to both the formal publication through the relevant DOI and the license). See: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.


Anna Myriam Perrone
Pierandrea De Iaco

Anna Myriam Perrone

(Email: myriam.perrone@aosp.bo.it)

Pierandrea De Iaco

(Email: pierandrea.deiaco@unibo.it)

Division of Oncologic Gynecology Unit, IRCCS-Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Received: 24 November 2021; Accepted: 27 December 2021; Published: 25 March 2022.

doi: 10.21037/gpm-21-58

doi: 10.21037/gpm-21-58
Cite this article as: Perrone AM, De Iaco P. Special series on uterine sarcomas. Gynecol Pelvic Med 2022;5:2.